At the von Yalta Conference, held on the coast of Crimea from February 4 to 11, 1945, the three prime ministers met in person for the second time. With the Allied victory in the war in Europe in sight, discussions focused on the reorganization of the continent after the end of the war. The Allies reaffirmed their intention to continue Germany`s unconditional surrender and then divide the country into zones of occupation. Other topics discussed included denazification and punishment of war criminals; German reparations; the form of the future international organization to replace the League of Nations – what the UN should become; the voting procedures of such a body; and the war in Asia. In retrospect, many historians have seen Kanta as one of the war meetings with the most controversial legacy, as compromises were found – especially with regard to Eastern Europe. I hope that Parliament will feel that hope has been greatly strengthened by our meeting in Crimea. The ties between the three great powers and their mutual understanding of each other have developed. The United States has entered deeply and constructively into the life and salvation of Europe. All three of us have heard far-reaching commitments, both practical and solemn. Together, we have the indisputable power to lead the world to prosperity, freedom and happiness. The great powers must try to serve, not to govern.
Together with other States, large and small, we can establish a world organization which, armed with sufficient power, will protect the rights of all States, large and small, against aggression or against the collection of the means of aggression. I am sure that humanity has a more just choice than it knew in a recorded era. The lights burn harder and shine brighter than before. Let`s move forward together. On his return from Crimea, Prime Minister Winston Churchill informed the House of Commons of the Vokalta Conference at the beginning of a three-day debate that took place between February 27 and March 1, 1945. During a two-hour speech, he briefed MEPs on various issues discussed in the talks, including the future of Poland. Finally, he spoke of the plans of a new international organization to maintain peace and security after the end of the war: The last of the three major war summits took place in Potsdam, southwest of Berlin, after Germany`s unconditional surrender. The longest of the three, the Potsdam Conference, took place between 17 July and 2 August 1945. There were discussions between Stalin, who remained in power in the Soviet Union, and the new leaders of the United States and Britain. The United States was represented by President Harry Truman, who took office after Roosevelt`s death in April.
The United Kingdom was represented by successive British prime ministers Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee, the amendment took place in the middle of the conference after the 1945 general election. Discussions revolved around issues resulting from Germany`s defeat, while participants also discussed the ongoing war against Japan. As far as Germany is concerned, provisional agreements have been reached on a number of issues, including the re-linking of borders and the redistribution of the German population. Regarding the ongoing war in Asia, the United States and Britain, as well as China, issued a separate statement in late July calling for Japan`s immediate and unconditional surrender. (The Soviet Union would declare war on Japan in August.) He warned that the alternative would be “immediate and complete destruction” for the country. Foreign Minister Antony Eden briefed the House of Commons on the decisions taken in Tehran shortly after his return to London. In an adjournment debate held on December 14 and 15, 1943, he spoke of the “complete agreement” reached on the scope and timing of future military operations against Germany – adding that these would soon be “unfolded on the battlefields.” .